Tentons Ensemble de Réaliser un Rêve pour nos Enfants
National Campaign for Initiating Sorting and Recycling PDF Print E-mail
nisr
The problem of solid wastes is becoming more and more an important environmental issue in Lebanon especially with the rapid increase in population and the absence of a sustainable solution in the long term for the wastes management problem. Lebanon produces approximately 4000 tons of municipal solid wastes on daily basis. They are either dumped in landfills (e.g. in Beirut and nearby caza, 80% of wastes are dumped in landfills), or randomly thrown in the open air (there are 700 open dumps in Lebanon) or incinerated. These procedures pollute the Lebanese nature, lead to a degradation in natural resources, the pollution of the air and underground water and various health problems and cause economic burdens for the Lebanese citizen with the purpose of getting rid of these wastes. And, according to the (META) Program (Mediterranean Environmental Technical Assistance), municipal solid waste generation in Lebanon is 1.4 million tons per year for a total population of 4.4 million.
The final destination of collected garbage is
  • 8% composted
  • 8% recycled
  • 46% land filled
  • 38% open dumped
In order to solve this environmental and economic problem, we can benefit from organic waste through composting (where organic wastes constitutes 60% of municipal solid wastes), and we can also benefit from non-organic wastes through recycling (where non-organic wastes constitutes 40% of municipal solid wastes). This solution won’t be feasible or correct unless organic wastes are sorted and selected from non-organic wastes at source. Since organic wastes constitute 60% of municipal solid wastes, it is important to recycle these products through composting. But this procedure requires a high degree of waste separation at the source, to avoid contamination of the organic material (with broken glass, plastic shreds, and heavy metals). Such contamination would lead to a compost of poor quality that most end users would not want to apply to their lands. Source separation also would improve the marketability of certain recyclable materials, such as paper and cardboard and plastics. Municipalities within every rural and urban region could also benefit from this campaign and gain at least 25$ / ton of wastes generated. As a result of the wastes situation in Lebanon as previously described – T.E.R.R.E Liban decided to launch some projects in order to save the environment and find some practical solution for the problem of solid wastes. And, in order to face this problem, T.E.R.R.E. Liban, launched its first project “Papivore Malin” in 1995. It consists of a paper recycling project in schools and the education of students about the 3R messages (reduces, reuse and recycle). The organization continued its activities within the same trend and promoted healthy education; the idea was launched based on the following concept: “if you eat healthy food, you decrease the amount of wastes” (manger sain, jeter moins). The organization worked on awareness about the solid wastes problem through various health fairs and the promotion of green shopping.T.E.R.R.E. Liban compiled all its activities and came out in 2006 with a new concept: launching a national campaign in order to unify the waste management process in Lebanon and initiate people on selecting wastes, sorting them at source and recycling them. Each letters of the N.I.S.R. word means the following in French and English respectively: Campagne Nationale pour l&rsquoInitiation À la Sélection et au Recyclage National Campaign for the Initiation on Sorting and Recycling. Therefore, T.E.R.R.E. Liban launched the N.I.S.R. campaign in order to make recycling a “popular habit” and to train people on reducing, reusing, recycling waste and unifying the way of waste selection at source all over the Lebanese territory and as a long term goal, to make recycling a “popular habit” in Lebanon and, at the same time the organizations will make help all the municipalities benefit from wastes. The nisr (vulture in Arabic) will be used as a symbol for this campaign it was purposely chosen as vultures feed on dead animals and are good guardians of the environment, play an important role in recycling animal remains, thus ridding the environment of potential sources of disease. Throughout this project, all residents will use the same exact colour-coded sorting method: white, green and red, the colours of the Lebanese flag:
  • The colour white is used for paper and paper products that can be recycled.
  • The colour green is used for organic wastes that are composted and used as natural fertilizers in agriculture.
  • The colour red for non-organic waste that can be recycled.
Finally, every citizen should benefit from one of our main resources: wastes ! Every individual should be responsible and select his wastes at source.
 
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